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【转载】国际英标规范书写  

2014-04-03 09:12:09|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自静若处子《国际英标规范书写》
英语国际音标表(48个)
元音(20个)
长元音 /ɑ:/ /?:/ / ?:/ /i:/ /U:/
短元音 / ?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /e/ /?/
/e?/ /a?/ /??/
双元音 /??/ /e?/ /??/
/??/ /a?/
辅音(28个)
轻辅音 /p/ / t/ / k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/
浊辅音 /b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /?/ /z/
轻辅音 /?/ / h/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/
浊辅音 /?/ / r/ /dz/ /d?/ /dr/
鼻音 /m/ /n/ /?/
半元音 / j/ / w/
边音 / ?/
英语音标及字母组合对照
1.元音:
1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i)
three tree green sheep meet beef see seek
eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please
he she me
piece receive ceiling
2) [ I ]发音字母 i y e ui u a
sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss
myth many twenty happy dictionary
defect decide delicious
3) [ ? ] 发音字母 a
bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man
4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)
head bread pleasure
elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes
many a
4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)
head bread pleasure
elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes
many any
5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or
girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird
turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger
learn earn earth heard
term her nerd serve
work worm work world
6) [ε] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u
teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder
doctor actor mayor author tractor
delicious gracious pleasure
familiar collar dollar
together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite
 
around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china
men listen
famulus Saturday
7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a
car farm card arm garden
fast class last glass plant aunt calm
8) [ ? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo
up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus
come mother dose brother love above
trouble rough flourish
blood flood
9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar
small wall talk tall hall ball call walk
short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store
author caught autumn
four mourn court bought
warm quarrel quarter
10) [ ? ] ([?])发音字母 o a ou
hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not
want wash watch
11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u
food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth
shoe do two
true truth blue full prude
12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o
look good foot book wood
should could
put full bull pull push
woman wolf
 
13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey
name cake late gate plane April
play say may way
great break
rain paint plain
they grey
14) [ai] 发音字母 i y
bike fine find die nine light night high
my try fly eye
15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow
house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse
flower down now cow how town
16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa
home cold go no phone host ghost
know low below grow blow show flow
boat coat goal
17) [ ?? ] 字母组合oy oi
boy toy joy
oil soil voice choice
18) [iε] 字母组合 eer ear
beer deer
ear near
here fierce idea
19) [ ?? ] ([e?])字母组合ear air ere
pear bear
chair air fair
there where
care
20) [uε] [au?]字母组合our ower
hour tour
flower shower

2. 辅音部分:

[b] b bad, bed
[p] p pay, prove
[d] d,ed good, talked
[t]t test, tent
[g] g,gu good, guess
[k] c,ch,ck,k care, school, tuck, kick
[f] f,gh,ph food, graph,
 
[v] v very
[s] c,s,ss ceremony, sad, guess
[z] s,z,zz shoes, zoo, jazz
[h] h,wh hot, whole
[r] r,wr red, write
[m] m,mm,mn mother, summer, autumn
[n] n,gn,kn nice, gnaw, knife,
[?] in, ing, ong
[l] l let
[w] w,wh wish, what
[j] y yes
[?] c,s,sh social, special, sure, fish,
[?] s pleasure
[t?] ch, tch touch, church, watch, match
 
[d?] g,ge,dge,j gene, large, bridge, jazz
[tr] tr tree
[dr] dr dress
[ts] ts,tes tents,
[dz] ds,des beds, brides
 
Vowels
元音 新 i: ? e ? З: ? Λ u: ? ?:
旧 i: i e ? ?: ? Λ u: u ?:
新 ? ɑ: eI aI ?I ?? a? I? e? ??
旧 ? ɑ: ei ai ?i ?u au i? ε? u?
 
Consonants
辅音 无变化 p b t d k g f v s z
? ? m n ? l r h w j
∫ ? t∫ d? tr dr ts dz
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